Republic day is celebrated on 26th January in India to commemorate the day when Indian constitution came into force on this day in 1950. It was on this day that India became a sovereign, secular and democratic state. This day is declared as a National holiday to mark the transition of India from a British Dominion to a republic on the 26th of January and is celebrated with great vigour and grandeur across the country.
Republic Day India History
India got independence from the British rule on August 15th 1947. However it did not have its own constitution. After independence India was headed by King George VI. In order to set the rules and regulations that would guide the nation the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with B R Ambedkar as chairman. The Indian constitution came in to power on January 26th 1950. Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first president of free India. Today India is the largest democracy in the world and constitution itself is the longest in the world consisting of 397 articles and 12 schedules. This constitution gave the citizens the right to elect their own government.
How is Republic Day 26 January Celebrated?
Republic day is celebrated with great patriotic spirit in India. On this day a grand parade in held in the national capital New Delhi. The event begins with the prime minister laying the wreath at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate to pay his respect to the soldiers who laid down their lives for the protection of the sovereignty of India. This is followed by a 21 gun salute after which the president unfurls the National Flag. Following the unfurling the National Anthem is played. A foreign head of state is the president’s chief guest on Republic Day. Parade begins with winners of gallantry awards passing the President in open jeeps.
President of India takes the salute at the grand parade. The Indian military also showcases its latest acquisitions like tanks, missiles, radars, etc. On this day gallantry awards like Param Veer Chakra, Veer Chakra and Maha Veer Chakra are given to the people from the armed forces and also civilians are given award for their acts of bravery. The different regiments of the army, the Navy and the Air force march past in all their finery. Even NCC cadets selected from all over India take part in this parade. Following the military parade is the cultural parade which showcases the rich cultural diversity of the nation. The parade is then followed by a vibrant and colourful parade of regional tableaus. Cultural and folk dances also form the part of the parade. The event ends with a flypast by the Indian air force jets.
Republic day is a three day affair and on the 29th January Beating the Retreat is performed in New Delhi by the three wings of the military-the Army, the Navy and the Air Force. Celebrations are also held in all the states where the governor of the state unfurls the flag. Many cultural programmes are held on this day.